Politicians as well as the wider public have recently started to discuss the failure of the exclusive approach toward immigrants in Europe, the multiculturalism. On one hand, politization of the whole issue emphasizing the immigrants’ role in the process of socio-economic destabilization within the receiving country’s society is often linked to populism of politicians to whom it serves as widening their electoral base. On the other hand, a rise of right-wing extremism and islamophobia reflects changes in perception over diversified societies of different ethnic minorities and consequently the changes towards multicultural approach as such.
The skip from a pure liberalism to a distrustful neo-conservatism has been significantly increased after the attacks of 9/11. This event and its linkage to Samuel Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations seen through the prism of reasons for Islamic terrorism brought an irrational hysteria onto a public scene.